NATIONAL HOLIDAY 17 NOVEMBER – CENTRE CLOSED
STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM AND DEMOCRACY DAY
INTERNATIONAL DAY OF STUDENTRY
The holiday of 17th of November is celebrated in the Czech Republic and Slovakia as a commemoration of two events of modern Czech history, connected with Czech university students.
17th of November 1939
The Leadership of Nazi Germany had decided to close Czech universities for three years. On the night of November 16th, Nazi security forces raided Prague, Brno and Příbram with the goal of capturing leaders of student organizations and intern other students. Nine representatives of student leaders were executed, and 1200 arrested students were transferred to the Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg concentration camp.
17th of November 1989
The beginning of the Velvet Revolution and the fall of the communist regime in Czechoslovakia.
Students of Prague Universities met at Albertov on Friday 17th of November. Anticommunist chants were heard from the beginning of the demonstration, and the dissolution of the demonstration was demanded.
Nevertheless, the demonstration was dissolved violently in the night hours and some participants were arrested by force. Assaulting of individuals and groups of on-lookers took place from the side of law enforcement units even after the dissolution.
The independent medical committee later stated that 568 people were injured during the intervention of the 17th of November.
Shops are open during their standard operation hours during this national holiday.